The Axminster Weave

What makes an Axminster from Axminster Carpets™ different to one from other manufacturers of Axminster weaves?

The importance of the backing and yarn

It's in the way we weave our Axminsters and the raw materials we use. The most important difference is our specialist backing which allows us to use incredibly high-quality yarns. Our backing is made from jute and cotton that are woven together in straight lines to leave little holes for the carpet yarn to be woven through. This ensures that the carpet itself is woven in lines that are straight and true.

The quality of a woven carpet is affected by the number of holes per square inch, known as the "pitch" of the carpet, and the way the holes are arranged, either as perfect squares or rectangles. The size of these holes dictates the thickness of the thread to be used. A thicker yarn produces a more intense texture underfoot.

The best carpet “pitch” in the world

At Axminster we make our carpets using a range of pitches. Our highest domestic pitch is an 8 x 10 used for our super luxury Royal Axminster collection. This means the backing has 8 columns across and 10 rows down per square inch, with a staggering 80 tiny holes per square inch to weave the yarn through.

Why the yarn can affect the pitch

The type of yarn makes a difference to the feel of the carpet. The very fine yarns used in our Royal Axminsters such as Royal Clovelly and Royal Dartmouth give a very soft feel to the carpet and depict detail very clearly in the weave, just as your television does if you have a high definition screen. A more chunky yarn, such as that used for our Dartmoor and Exmoor weaves, will allow you to sink your toes into the carpet, which will give under foot when you walk on it.

How pitch affects the type of design

Our most popular pitch for a designed carpet is our unique 8 x 8 pitch, which has 64 tiny holes per square inch. Because it is a perfect square, the designs can include perfect circles or squares where all the lines are the same thickness and diagonal lines that flow smoothly and are not fractured. This kind of precision is impossible with a rectangular pitch like the 7 x 9 used by most other manufacturers.